Part of a series which began with Fake news and the ethics of belief.
Last time we got as far as step four of Adler’s ‘filtering’1 process which was to test if a belief meets his ‘full awareness condition’. After step two the substituted belief was:
Tony is in the ice cream parlour.
Step four was then to ask of this belief whether it is really coherent to believe, or assert, that:
Tony is in the ice cream parlour, but I lack sufficient evidence that he is.